• Temperament Devoted, Good-natured, Alert, Steady, Self-assured, Obedient, Calm, Confident, Courageous, Fearless
  • Family Friendly No
  • Trainability Somewhat Easy to Train
  • Shedding Average
  • Group Working
  • Color Black & Tan, Black & Mahogany
  • Origin Germany (Ancient Times)
  • Height 22-27 inches
  • Weight 80-135 lbs
  • Original Function Cattle Driving, Guardian
  • Current Function Security, Herding Trials
  • Lifespan 8-10 years

Origin of the Breed

Rottweilers are considered one of the oldest herding breeds, and are assumed to be descendants of the Italian Mastiff (the aggressive dogs who accompanied Roman legions during their invasions of Europe). This breed's main function was to guard the herds of cattle that traveled as the main food source for the Roman soldiers. They were named after a town in Germany called Rottweil, where the dogs worked prominently guarding and protecting money or wares for traveling merchants. Though the breed nearly went extinct in the 19th century, a need for police dogs increased during WWI and WWII, making Rottweilers a more popular and necessary breed. The Rottweiler was recognized officially by the Amiercan Kennel club in 1931.

Coloring and Size Variations

Rottweilers' standard colors are black-and-tan, with very specific markings on their eyebrows, muzzles, necks, boots, and underbellies.

Behavioral Tendencies

Rottweilers are known to be reliable, loyal and courageous pets. They are natural protectors and guard dogs with a keen sense of instinct, and will defend their family with ferocity. They are gentle and docile if well trained, and work well with other dogs and children when socialized well. They love to be with their masters and dislike being left alone in a kennel or yard. When the master makes it clear that he is the pack leader, the Rottweiler will prove to be an obedient dog with an even temper.

Training Needs

If governed with an authoritatively firm but gentle hand, the Rottweiler will be responsive and content to obey. The most important factor is to establish this hierarchy early on, so the dog understands his place in the family and amongst the children. Training a Rottweiler to be obedient when off the leash, to heel while walking, and well as how to obey on command, will be important lessons for this breed.

Health Complications

Rottweilers suffer from hip dysplasia, weight gain from over-eating, pulling tendons or ACLs, and can sometimes snore or drool.


Whether swimming, running or jogging, the Rottweiler enjoys rigorous activity on a daily basis. They love racing around large parks, and do not often run away from their masters.

Living Condistions

Rottweilers work well when they have consistent exercise and yard space. However, they can adapt to apartment dwelling, if given daily routine walks.


The Rottweiler does not require extensive grooming care. The shorthaired coats remain sleek and easy to manage with a firm brush.

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