• Temperament Playful, Friendly, Extroverted, Active, Intelligent, Sociable
  • Family Friendly Yes
  • Trainability Easy to Train
  • Shedding Low
  • Group Toy
  • Color Red, Orange, White, Cream, Blue, Brown, Black, Black & Tan, Wolf Sable and Other Varieties
  • Origin Germany (1800s)
  • Height 8-11 inches
  • Weight 3-7 lbs
  • Original Function Companion
  • Current Function Companion
  • Lifespan 12-16 years

Origin of the Breed

Pomeranians originated in an area between Germany and Poland called Pomeranian. They are descendants of the heavier and larger Spitz breed, and were popular pets for historical royals such as Marie Antoinette and Queen Victoria. Britain's longest-reigning monarch was the first to breed the Pomeranians into the smaller size they are today. Queen Victoria also first entered Pomeranians into breed show, and they were first recognized by the English Kennel Club in 1870.

Coloring and Size Variations

These furry friends come in many different colors and sizes. They can be white, black, brown, red, orange, cream, gray/blue, sable, and black-and-tan with spotted or brindled markings. They are also "toy" or "teacup" Pomeranians weighing 2-3 pounds, though they are not recognized as an official breed.

Behavioral Tendencies

Pomeranians are often viewed as yappy, ill-tempered and high strung pets. They have a reputation of being difficult with children, suspicious and noisy toward strangers, with tendencies to be nervous or aggressive. These bad behaviors occur usually because their master has not properly trained them well, or has not diligently taken leadership over them. Because of the relative "cuteness" of their little faces, many owners pamper the pup until they believe they are the pack leader. The Pomeranian requires consistent training from an authoritative owner, or they will try to "boss" the human around. If they receive proper restraints, they can be quite intelligent, loyal and obedient dogs. Though they have a need to be socialized and posses a lot of energy, Pomeranians prove to be good watch dogs, and comforting companions to the elderly. Pomeranians have also proven to be entertainers, superior circus performers and can be trained to do many tricks.

Training Needs

The small size of Pomeranians can lead to "small dog syndrome" where the dog believes he gets to call the shots, if he complains loudly enough. With a firm and gentle hand, the owner will need to communicate authority to the Pomeranian, setting firm boundaries, and teaching that barking is not acceptable, etc. They thrive with limit, and require exercise every day. If they are given clear commands, and trained to do tricks and tasks, they can prove to be stable and affable pets.

Health Complications

Pomeranians suffer from numerous ailments such as tooth decay, skin allergies and discomfort, bald spots caused by aging, eye infections, knee cap displacement, tracheal collapse, as well as other various maladies of ranging severity. The tooth decay and mouth discomfort can be alleviated by healthful chews and dry organic food.


These vivacious little canines need ample exercise, beyond what can occur by just playing in the living room. They will need long daily walks to avoid agitating any negative behavioral issues.

Living Condistions

This breed prefers indoor living, as they tend to be temperature sensitive and will need to have access to climate controlled areas. Pomeranians are content living in apartments, but will need to be reminded that the space is not entirely theirs to roam. Establishing good boundaries in a smaller living space will help identify the authority of the owner over the dog.


Because of their elaborately thick coats, Pomeranians will need to be brushed daily. Be informed that Pomeranians are constantly shedding, and will need also a dry shampoo, attention to their eyes and ears, as well as and regular vet/dental checkups.

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