Pembroke Welsh Corgis as a breed can be traced back to the 12th century, when Vikings were believed to have dogs of a similar sort. They are descendents of the older Cardigan Welsh Corgis, whose ancestors were Pomeranians mixed with Keeshond, Schipperkes, and Swedish Vallhunds. The Corgi breeds initially, were heavily relied upon as herders for cattle, sheep, goats, geese, and ducks. Their tenacious attitudes and small stature would enable them to snip at the heels of cows and goats, or softly nip at the water fowl in order to herd them. Perhaps the most beloved owner of Pembroke Welsh Corgis, has been Queen Elizabeth II of England, who has been a devoted owner of the breed since she ascended the throne in 1952. They were officially recognized by the American Kennel Club in 1934.
This dog breed comes in red, sable, and fawn, all of which can be combined in tricolor markings mixed with white and black. They often have a large marking called a "fairy saddle", derived from the legend that the mythical creatures would ride upon Corgis' backs. They have been smaller "toy" Corgis bred, but they usually have health complications.
Corgis are sociable animals that are eager to please, and are responsive to the owners that they love. The generally do well with children, though can sometimes struggle with other dog breeds. They have been praised as superior show dogs, trained guard dogs, and playful companions. They can be very spirited and enjoy chasing smaller animals. They thrive when working with a consistent and unyielding leader, who maintains a loving approach to training, showing them boundaries to maintain. Corgis do need to be taught submission and obedience to the owner, or they can become bossy and be tempted to nip at the heels of humans.
Pembroke Welsh Corgis are intelligent dogs that can be trained in limitless activities, as they are able to obey commands, and respect restraints easily when taught well. They require firm guidance and authoritative leadership, in order to obey their owner. If they are not restrained and taught to submit to the master, they can act aggressively to get what they want.
Pembroke Welsh Corgis are prone to gaining weight, which can cause spinal strain and similar back problems. They also tend to struggle with hip dysplasia, glaucoma, among other diseases.
As a herding breed, Corgis enjoy rigorous exercise and long runs or walks. As they can put on weight, the cardio activity is necessary for them to maintain a healthy body, and a stimulated mind. They need to be taught to heel on walks, as opposed to leading their human.
Their small stature makes these dogs suitable for apartment dwelling, so long as they receive sufficient exercise. If they do not receive a long walk every day, they may be too active indoors and prone to destructive behaviors.
Pembroke Welsh Corgis does not require frequent bathing or grooming, but will need to be brushed regularly. Their coats are thick and water resistant, but are simple to manage.