French Bulldog

  • Temperament Lively, Playful, Athletic, Alert, Easygoing, Bright, Keen, Patient, Affectionate, Sociable
  • Family Friendly Yes
  • Trainability Easy to Train
  • Shedding Low
  • Group Non-Sporting
  • Color Brindle, Brindle & White, Cream, Cream & White, Fawn, Fawn & White, and Other Varieties
  • Origin England (1800s)
  • Height 11-13 inches
  • Weight 19-28 lbs
  • Original Function Lapdog
  • Current Function Companion
  • Lifespan 10-12 years

Origin of the Breed

The French Bulldogs, also called "Frenchies" were deliberating bred in the 1800's though their ancestors extended many centuries before. Initially they were the result of crossing an English bulldog with either Pugs or Terriers to get a smaller, more companionable breed. Lace-makers in England used these pets as "ratters" in the Industrial Revolution, while they simultaneously became the favorite pet of artists, writers, designers and aristocrats in 19th century France. At this time they were called the "Bouledogue Francais" until the American Kennel Club acknowledged the change to French Bulldog in 1912.

Coloring and Size Variations

French Bulldogs can be a wide range of colors, from black, white, cream, brown, fawn, sable, gray blue, to brindled, pied, masked, and multicolored. The most sought after color French Bulldog is blue. Many Frenchies, especially those with a "Blue" coat, can sell from $3,000-35,000 depending on the blood lines. They are one of the most expensive dog breeds based on color and lineage, which is why many choose to breed French Bulldog hybrids such as "Frenchtons" (a black-and-white mix of a Boston Terrier and a French Bulldog), or "Faux French Bulldog" (a mix of 50% full breed French Bulldog, and 50% mixed full breed of another kind). These dogs can also be bred in "teacup" size.

Behavioral Tendencies

French Bulldogs are known for being cheerful and comical companions. Their expressions and postures often have their owners laughing, as they tend to behave like little humans. French Bulldogs are affectionate and playful, curious and lively. They are compatible with other breeds, children who can exert authority over them, and are social creatures who enjoy playing with their owners. This breed's terrier heritage makes them aggressive toward mice and rodents and will be tenacious or even aggressive if not checked. Some breeds can drool, or get yappy if they do not have physical and mental stimulation. They do not usually bark often, but need to be given proper attention so the habit does not form. Overall they are a popular choice for those who want cuddly canine who contributes humor to the family.

Training Needs

Bred from bull dogs and terriers, French Bulldogs are known for being rambunctious at times and stubborn. They need diligent and consistent training, reinforced with positive feedback and treats. They need to be trained not to jump up, or soil floor, and taught not to go in areas that are off-limits. They will vie for "pack leader" if not obviously shown that they are not the boss.

Health Complications

Like many of their Bull dog counterparts, French Bulldogs tend to struggle with numerous health issues, including joint and spinal pain, hip dysplasia, heart defects, and eye over exposure. They will need their eyes wiped and ears cleaned to keep out any dirt or dust that may agitate them. Their small noses have difficulties in keep their temperature moderate, and can cause severe snoring and sneezing. They only give birth through c-section, because of birth complications and the large heads of their puppies. Owners should be careful not to over-feed their Frenchie, since they can have bloating or abdominal pain as well as obvious flatulence. Keeping the dog on a consistent balanced diet will help them decrease digestive discomfort.


French Bulldogs require consistent daily walks, as they tend to get antsy or temperamental without regular exercise. They do not need strenuously long walks, as they can get overheated, but will love to scamper around a park and play with you. They need to be taught to walk behind the owner, or they will try to lead the way.

Living Conditions

French Bulldogs make superior apartment pets, as they are content to lounge on the couch, or scamper around a modest indoor living space. They enjoy having a yard to play in, but will need access indoors as they do not cope well with extreme cold or hot temperatures, because of their small noses and natural cooling systems.


Frenchies do not require professional grooming, but would benefit from regular bathing and coat brushing, since they tend to shed.

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