The first recorded mention of a bull dog occurred in 1500, after a breed of dog that was used for "bear baiting" or "bull baiting." These dogs developed strong stocky shoulders over time as they wrestled the beast, gaining large sculls and iron jaws. In later years they were used to briefly hold an unruly bull by the nose long enough for the master to rope it. Bulldogs have since been mixed with pugs, giving them smaller noses and a shorter stature. Cattle baiting was rigorous exercise that required stamina which modern day bulldogs no longer possess as they cannot run at high speed, nor grab a hold with so short a muzzle. However this breed is still a time-honored favorite, having been featured in literature, paintings dating back to the 17th century. Bull dogs have historically served as a mascot for many educational institutions (Yale University being one of the 39 institutes in America alone), as well as the United States Marine Corps, etc.
Bulldogs are primarily white, with brindled, brown, amber, lemon, or cream spots or markings. They have been mixed with other breeds to create the French Bulldog, the American Bulldog, the Pit-Bull, Catahoula Bulldog, Aussie Bulldog, etc.
Bulldogs are friendly with their families though they may be on their guard with unusual dogs. They tend to drool consistently, snore, slobber and have generally sloppy habits. Bulldog puppies have a good amount of energy, which decreases noticeably with age. They are naturally protective dogs, over their space and toys, as well as over their humans. They are guard dogs who will alert their owners of any approaching stranger or new dog with courage and ferocity when necessary. They love human attention, and are consistently easy-tempered and gentle with children. Much of a Bulldog's happiness relies on the sociable attention he receives from his family.
The bulldog's instinct is that the leader always goes first, so whether on walks or entering rooms make sure the dog follows the leader so he understands who has authority. The Bulldog can be domineering and will need an owner to establish boundaries and clearly be the master. Bulldogs can get possessive over their areas or toys, and can grow rather territorial if not trained to submit to the humans.
Bulldogs are known for having numerous health complications due to their genetics. They struggle with breathing and snoring problems with their squat noses, bad eyesight, heat strokes, cold sensitivity, joint strain, skin infections, birthing struggles, which often require a cesarean section, and tumors. If a Bulldog dines on anything other than his typical food, he may have audible flatulence.
Bulldogs do not require demanding physical exercise, but do require regular walks in order to ward off the tendency to gain weight. They can sprint fast and may take off in a short spurt of excited energy, but physical fatigue will always get the better of them.
This breed is generally content to live in an apartment, as they tend to enjoy the inactivity that limited space necessitates. They struggle to maintain a comfortable body temperature in harsh climates, having severe chills in the cold and struggling with heat stroked in extreme summer conditions, therefore it is best to keep them in a temperate area.
A bulldog's short hair does not require frequent attention beyond brushing and bathing. They will need regular face wiping however, to ensure dust and grass does not infect their eyes or settle in the folds of their skin.